Expert Forecasts for 2020

• Strengthen the military and warfighters of the future. The benefits would be the same as for the scientifically developing countries. Quantum cryptography could protect critical data and networks from hackers and attackers. In addition, targeted drug delivery, also obtainable by the proficient nations, could expedite responses to chemical and biological attacks and minimize casualties. Just as for countries with less S&T capacity that can acquire these applications, cheap solar energy, rural wireless communications, rapid bioassays, ubiquitous RFID tagging, and quantum cryptography could also help the scientifically advanced nations promote economic growth and international commerce. But these countries will be able to acquire more sophisticated applications as well—ubiquitous information access, pervasive sensors, tissue engineering, and wearable computers. Agile access to information could improve productivity, create new avenues for conducting business on the run, and expand global Internet commerce. • Privacy concerns: Social values toward privacy in a country and personal preferences about the availability and use of personal data that arise from an individual’s ideological inclina-tions and experience with the privacy issue. • Pervasive sensors: Presence of sensors in most public areas and networks of sensor data to accomplish real-time surveillance.