Makeup Trends Summer 2020

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Expert Forecasts for 2020

• Reduce the use of resources and improve environmental health. These technology applications could also enhance homeland security and public safety. All the countries in the scientifically developing group of nations—those able to acquire nine of 16 top applications—will have even less capacity than the proficient group will to implement them beyond laboratory research, demonstrations, or limited diffusion. Brazil and Chile in South America, Mexico in North America, and Turkey in Europe will be the most capable, followed by South Africa, then Indonesia, and finally Colombia. None of these seven countries will have a high level of S&T capacity. And each will have significantly more barriers than drivers. By 2020, one should be able to see several trends in the capacity of countries to acquire technology applications (see Figure 1). Most of North America and Western Europe, along with Australia and the developed economies of East Asia, will be scientifically advanced. Most of Asia and Eastern Europe will be scientifically proficient. Latin America and much of Southeast Asia are likely to be scientifically developing. The majority of Africa and the Middle East, as well as the Caribbean and the Pacific Islands, will be scientifically lagging. • Cost and financing: The cost of acquiring the technology application and of building the physical infrastructure and human capital to introduce and sustain its use, the mecha-nisms and resources available to access the needed funds, and the costs of those funds.