Kleding Trend Winter 2020

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Expert Forecasts for 2020

If implemented broadly and sustainably, these technology applications have the potential to dramatically improve the quality of life of the vast majority of people living in poverty in these countries. But in practical terms, the nations in the scientifically lagging group will face considerable challenges in implementing any of the five—despite the fact that they place the least demand on S&T capacity. Drivers are scarce and barriers abundant in these countries. nication could be improved with rural wireless communications. Rapid bioassays would allow military medical personnel to identify weapon-grade pathogens in the environment. Filters and catalysts could be employed in situations involving chemical or biological contaminants. Cheap autonomous housing could provide personnel on the ground with improved living quarters. • Infrastructure: Physical infrastructure at a consistent threshold of quality that can be maintained, upgraded, and expanded over time. • Rural wireless communications: Widely available telephone and Internet connectivity without a wired network infrastructure. 1 Institutional capacity includes honest and effective systems of governance, banking and finance, law, education, and health. Human capacity entails the quality and quantity of a country’s educated and skilled personnel, as well as the level of education and scientific literacy of its people. Physical capacity involves the quality and quantity of critical infrastructures e.g., transport and freight networks, schools, hospitals, research facilities, and utilities.